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    How can we prevent water borne and vector borne infections?


    • environmental management strategies that can reduce or eliminate vector breeding grounds altogether through improved design or operation of water resources development projects as well as use of biological controls (e.g. bacterial larvicides and larvivorous fish) that target and kill vector larvae without generating the ecological impacts of chemical use.
    • use of chemical methods of vector control, such as indoor residual sprays, space spraying, and use of chemical larvicides and adulticides; these reduce disease transmission by shortening or interrupting the lifespan of vectors.
    • Use clean drinking water.
      Water can also be purified by boiling or treating with chlorine.
      Use oral rehydration salts to treat dehydration.
      Use appropriate antibiotics to combat bacterial infection.
      Use analgesics to reduce fever.
    • Wash hands well with soap and clean water.
      Wash any unpackaged food in clean water. Avoid any food that may have come into contact with contaminated flood water.
      Wash all clothing that has been in contact with contaminated flood water.
      Disinfect all children's toys that have been in contact with contaminated flood water.
      Vaccinate against hepatitis A.

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