IAS 33 Earnings per Share

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  • Piron Education, a subsidiary of Piron Corporation, is among the world's leading education technology companies. Leveraging cutting edge technology to provide web-based training and mobile learning, ...

The objective of this Standard is to prescribe principles for the determination and presentation of earnings per

share, so as to improve performance comparisons between different entities in the same reporting period and

between different reporting periods for the same entity. The focus of this Standard is on the denominator of

the earnings per share calculation.

This Standard shall be applied by entities whose ordinary shares or potential ordinary shares are publicly

traded and by entities that are in the process of issuing ordinary shares or potential ordinary shares in public

markets. An entity that discloses earnings per share shall calculate and disclose earnings per share in

accordance with this Standard.

An ordinary share is an equity instrument that is subordinate to all other classes of equity instruments.

A potential ordinary share is a financial instrument or other contract that may entitle its holder to ordinary

shares.

An entity shall present in the statement of comprehensive income basic and diluted earnings per share for

profit or loss from continuing operations attributable to the ordinary equity holders of the parent entity and for

profit or loss attributable to the ordinary equity holders of the parent entity for the period for each class of

ordinary shares that has a different right to share in profit for the period. An entity shall present basic and

diluted earnings per share with equal prominence for all periods presented.

An entity that reports a discontinued operation shall disclose the basic and diluted amounts per share for the

discontinued operation either in the statement of comprehensive income or in the notes. Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share shall be calculated by dividing profit or loss attributable to ordinary equity holders of

the parent entity (the numerator) by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding (the

denominator) during the period.

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the amounts attributable to ordinary equity holders of

the parent entity in respect of:

(a) profit or loss from continuing operations attributable to the parent entity; and

(b) profit or loss attributable to the parent entity

shall be the amounts in (a) and (b) adjusted for the after-tax amounts of preference dividends, differences

arising on the settlement of preference shares, and other similar effects of preference shares classified as

equity.

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the number of ordinary shares shall be the weighted

average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. [Paragraph 19] The weighted average

number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented shall be adjusted for

events, other than the conversion of potential ordinary shares, that have changed the number of ordinary shares

outstanding without a corresponding change in resources. [Paragraph 26]

Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, an entity shall adjust profit or loss attributable to

ordinary equity holders of the parent entity, and the weighted average number of shares outstanding, for the

effects of all dilutive potential ordinary shares.

Dilution is a reduction in earnings per share or an increase in loss per share resulting from the assumption that

convertible instruments are converted, that options or warrants are exercised, or that ordinary shares are issued

upon the satisfaction of specified conditions.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the number of ordinary shares shall be the weighted

average number of ordinary shares calculated in accordance with paragraphs 19 and 26, plus the weighted

average number of ordinary shares that would be issued on the conversion of all the dilutive potential ordinary

shares into ordinary shares.

Potential ordinary shares shall be treated as dilutive when, and only when, their conversion to ordinary shares

would decrease earnings per share or increase loss per share from continuing operations.

An entity uses profit or loss from continuing operations attributable to the parent entity as the control number

to establish whether potential ordinary shares are dilutive or antidilutive. In determining whether potential

ordinary shares are dilutive or antidilutive, each issue or series of potential ordinary shares is considered

separately rather than in aggregate. Retrospective adjustments

If the number of ordinary or potential ordinary shares outstanding increases as a result of a capitalisation,

bonus issue or share split, or decreases as a result of a reverse share split, the calculation of basic and diluted

earnings per share for all periods presented shall be adjusted retrospectively.

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